The later was wholly spanned east-to-west by the bustling Oregon Trail and its hitchhiker emigrant trails, the California Trail and Mormon Trail which since hitting stride in 1847, had been conveying settler wagon trains to the west, and incidentally, across the Continental Divide into the Snake River Basin, a key gateway into the Idaho and Oregon Country interiors., was passed by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on December 7, 1864, six weeks before the territorial legislature's session legally began, and after litigation, on a split decision decided by one vote on the territorial Supreme Court on geographic lines. These people were well-represented in the early territorial legislatures, which often clashed with the appointed Republican territorial governors.
The political infighting became particularly vicious in 1867, when Governor David W.
Over its one-hundred and one years of operation, the penitentiary received more than 13,000 convicts, with a maximum population of a little over six-hundred. Two famous inmates were Harry Orchard and s Lady Bluebeard for killing several of her husbands to collect upon their life insurance.
The stone was quarried from the nearby ridges by the resident convicts, who also completed all the later construction.The Old Idaho State Penitentiary was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 for its significance as a Territorial Prison.The site currently contains museums and an arboretum..This building was converted into a Chapel in the 1930s and was destroyed by fire in the 1973 riot.Ballard asked for protection from federal troops stationed at Construction began on the Idaho Territorial Prison in 1870 and was completed by 1872.